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Typhoon Rammasun in China

Saturday, 19 July 2014

Type of Event:
Ocean Storm - Typhoon
Location of Event:
Hainan Province, China
Date of Charter Activation:
19 July 2014
Charter Requestor:
National Disaster Reduction Center of China (NDRCC)
Project Management:
National Disaster Reduction Center of China (NDRCC)

Description of the event

Typhoon Rammasun made landfall in Hainan Province, China, at 07:30 (UTC) on 18 July 2014. 46 people have been reported killed and more than 100,000 people were forced to evacuate from the destruction caused by the storm.

China's Meteorological Administration reported that it was the strongest typhoon southern China had experienced in forty years. And it had already killed 94 people in the Philippines several days before it reached China.

The storm first made landfall in Wengtian Town of Wengchang City on Hainan Island with wind speeds at an estimated 216 km/h (134 mph) and had a devastating effect. It was reported that 90% of residential buildings were destroyed by the powerful storm. Rammasun also caused floods, and mudslides throughout the area.

Hainan experienced damage to electricity and telecommunications, and water supplies have been cut off in some parts of the island. Debris blocking roads caused disruption to relief efforts, but power is being restored to some of the affected cities, such as Haikou; the capital of Hainan Province.

The storm moved further northwest and made a second landfall in China at Fangchanggang in Guanxi Province on 19 July. It caused more damage along coastal cities and air and rail services were suspended until conditions improved.

The typhoon weakened to a tropical depression on 20 July, after moving north and inland over China. It also passed over northern Vietnam, bringing heavy rain and flooding.

There are concerns that a new typhoon developing in the Pacific, named Matmo, will follow in Rammasun's path.