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Flood in Bangladesh

Monday, 01 August 2016

Type of Event:
Flood
Location of Event:
Bangladesh
Date of Charter Activation:
1 August 2016
Time of Charter Activation:
10:05:00
Time zone of Charter Activation:
UTC+09:00
Charter Requestor:
ADRC on behalf of SPARRSO
Project Management:
Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)

Description of the event

Sixteen people have died in floods affecting Bangladesh.

An estimated 1.5 million people have been affected by the floods, which follow days of heavy rainfall in the region.

The torrential rain has affected several other countries in the region and caused rivers such as the Brahmaputra, which passes through Bangladesh, to flood. The Brahmaputra, Ganges (locally known as Padma) and Meghna Rivers - three of the largest in Asia - all meet in Bangladesh and form the Bengal Delta, which means that flood waters are travelling down-river towards Bangladesh. The Jamuna, Surma, Kushiyara and Dharla Rivers all reached dangerously high water levels, inundating inhabited areas in the country. There are also concerns that the Ganges may rise, contributing to floods in Rajbari, Manikganj, Munshiganj and Shariatpur districts.

The water levels in the major rivers are expected to begin receding over the next few days and forecasters expect little rain for Bangladesh during that time.

Despite the potential for an improved situation, it is estimated that thousands of homes and hundreds of villages have been flooded. Hundreds of people have also been left isolated by the floods, and road and railway lines have been blocked in some locations.

The government has established 70 evacuation shelters for those affected by the disaster, but many other areas are still facing difficulties in obtaining clean water and food. The flood waters have also damaged crops, particularly Aman rice seed-beds.

While the flooding began in the north-east of the country, it is now spreading toward the central and southern areas of Bangladesh, flowing along rivers and downhill.

Flood waters along Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh

Source: KOMPSAT-5
Acquired: 06/08/2016 and 07/08/2016

Copyright: KARI
Map produced by Geoinformatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology

Flood waters in northern districts, Bangladesh

Source: TerraSAR-X
Acquired: Pre-disaster: 18/05/2011 and 09/06/2011
Post-disaster: 07/08/2016

Copyright: DLR e. V. 2016, Distribution: Airbus DS Geo GmbH
Map produced by Geoinformatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology

Flooding along the Brahmaputra and Padma Rivers, Bangladesh

Source: RISAT-1
Acquired: Pre-disaster: 10/07/2016 and 22/07/2016
Post-disaster: 05/08/2016

Copyright: ISRO (2016) - All rights reserved
Map produced by Geoinformatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology

Flooding along the Brahmaputra River in Bangladesh

Source: Landsat 8
Acquired: Pre-disaster: 30/07/2015
Post-disaster: 01/08/2016

Copyright: USGS (2016) - All rights reserved
Map produced by Geoinformatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology

Flood in northern districts of Bangladesh

Source: TerraSAR-X
Acquired: Pre-disaster: 18/05/2011 and 09/06/2011
Post-disaster: 02/08/2016

Copyright: DLR e. V. 2016, Distribution: Airbus DS Geo GmbH
Map produced by Geoinformatics Center, Asian Institute of Technology