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Fire in Valparaiso, Chile

Monday, 14 April 2014

Type of Event:
Fire
Location of Event:
Valparaiso, Chile
Date of Charter Activation:
14 April 2014
Charter Requestor:
Sifem-DNPC on behalf of ONEMI
Project Management:
ONEMI

Description of the event

Forest fires in the city of Valparaiso, Chile, have killed 12 people and forced 10,000 to evacuate in what Valparaiso's Mayor described as the worst fire the city has ever experienced.

The fire began on Saturday, and has destroyed an estimated 500 homes in the city. Affected residents are also said to be suffering from smoke inhalation and some small explosions have been reported as the fire spread, causing further injuries.

Valparaiso is a port city on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, and part of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage site. But it is believed that the fire will not spread to this area of the city at this time. The worst affected parts of the city are reportedly the La Cruz and Las Canas areas.

Over a thousand firefighters are working to put out the fires but there are concerns that coastal winds will push the fire deeper into the city. Strong winds and continuing high temperatures have been forecast, making the work difficult for the firefighters.

Vegetation Index (NDVI) of area affected by the fire in Valparaiso, Chile

Source: Pleiades
Acquired: 17/04/2014

Copyright: Pleiades © CNES 2014 - Distribution: Airbus Defence and Space, all rights reserved
Map produced by CIREN

Water Index (NDWI) on area affected by the fire in Valparaiso

Source: Pleiades
Acquired: 17/04/2014

Copyright: Pleiades © CNES 2014 - Distribution: Airbus Defence and Space, all rights reserved
Map produced by CIREN

Urban sprawl in the cities of Valparaiso and Villa Alemana from 1986-2010

Source: Landsat 5 / Landsat 7
Acquired: Landsat 5: 1986, 1990, 2010
Landsat 7: 2000

Copyright: Landsat data and products © USGS (2014) - All rights reserved
Map produced by CIREN