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22nd Annual Report of the Charter


25 October 2023

22nd Annual Report of the Charter

distribution map
Location of 2022 activations (by hazard type)

The 22nd annual report of the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters is now available, and describes the Charter's activities throughout 2022.

The Charter was activated 51 times in 2022, covering disasters in 32 countries. This amount of activations is higher than the annual average since 2017: the average is now 42 activations per year and ranges from 32 in 2011 to 55 in 2020. By the end of 2022, the Charter had been triggered for 793 disasters in 133 countries since 2000.

South Africa, Nigeria, Honduras, and Ecuador activated the Charter in 2022, thanks to their Authorized Users status achieved through the Charter's Universal Access initiative allowing them to request satellite data from the Charter in the event of a major disaster in their countries.

Three new satellites joined the Charter's virtual constellation; Vision-1 (from Airbus), CBERS (from INPE), and SAOCOM (from CONAE).

The Charter continued its cooperation with UNOOSA, UNITAR/UNOSAT, Sentinel Asia, the Copernicus Emergency Management Service, and the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS). Each organization worked with the Charter in different ways, including promoting the Charter and use of satellite data for emergency response, sharing maps produced for disasters the Charter was activated for, and supporting the Charter as Project Managers of activations.

The three most catastrophic events last year were floods in India that killed 2,035 people and affected 1.3 million, floods in Pakistan that killed 1,739 people and affected 33 million, and the earthquake in Afghanistan that killed 1,036 people and affected 361,000 people.